TCM emphasises on harmony between human, nature: Dr Wang
The Western medical system saves life while Chinese traditional medical system resolves the problem and emphasises on creating balance between human and nature as well as within the human body.
This was said by a Chinese traditional medicine expert during a lecture titled “Harmony –the Philosophy behind Traditional Chinese Medicine” at the Chinese Culture Centre at Pakistan National Council of the Arts (PNCA) on Thursday
The lecture was delivered by Wang Huiying, Deputy Director Department of Cardiology, Shu’guang Hospital of the Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).
She spoke about the philosophy of TCM, its history, evolution, diagnostic methods and therapy.
“TCM is heavily influenced by Taoism, a philosophy based on harmony and natural order and practiced in China for over 5,000 years,” said Dr Wang, who specialises in the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases through traditional Chinese medicine.
She described harmony as a “quintessence of the Chinese culture heritage”.
She said the root cause of disease is imbalance between yin (inside) and yang (outside). So the sole purpose for treating disease is to readjust yin and yang and restore the balance between the two.
“Unfortunately the modern life style and medicines have gone astray of the ancient maxims and caused new diseases such as HIV and avian influenza,” she remarked.
Due to the limited knowledge and experiences, patients have no cure in western medicine and have to seek help from TCM as a last resort.
Discussing the difference between Chinese and modern medicine, Wang said: “Western medicine saves life and Chinese medicine resolves problems by helping the patient to achieve “harmony”.
Wang said the China has made remarkable contribution to global health sciences citing the achievement of Professor Youyou Tu. She received Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her key contribution to the discovery of Artemisinin in treating malaria which has saved millions of lives worldwide.
Speaking about the basic theory of TCM, she said it is based on two basic principles: The first is Yin-Yang – opposition, interdependence, wane and wax and mutual transformation between yin and yang.
The second is Qi-Blood pertains to Yang and is powerful in activity. It flows constantly in the body to maintain the physiological functions of the body.
Seasonal variations of weather exert certain effect on the physiological functions and pathological changes of the body, she said.
“The emotions are the physiological responses of visceral qi, blood, yin and yang. The sudden, violent or prolonged emotional stimuli, beyond the range of physiological activities, will cause disorder of qi activity and disharmony of visceral yin, yang, qi and blood which consequently lead to disease.”
Dr Wang also spoke about the four diagnostic methods with the help of illustration of tongue inspection, auscultation and olfaction, inquiry, pulse-taking and palpation.
She also spoke the eight principles of syndrome differentiation, internal treatment through medicines and external treatments through wedge stone, tuina, acupuncture, moxibustion, and cupping.
The professor spoke in detail with the help of slides and a translator about TCM — a broad range of practices including various forms of acupuncture, moxibustion (burning a herb above the skin to apply heat to acupuncture points), herbal medicine, massage, specific movements or postures, and dietary therapy.
Chinese embassy’s First Secretary of Cultural Office Pan Yuqi, PNCA DG Jamal Shah, Irshadullah Khan and others attended the lecture and questioned about the various aspects of TCM and its effectiveness in controlling cholesterol, blood pressure, uric acid and cardiac-related diseases.